Compound Bow Maintenance

Compound bow parts list, and tips for compound bow maintenance.

It is crucial to know the compound bow parts when you own one. This will make you understand better how a compound arrow works and change a part of it if needed.

Compound Bow Maintenance

List of compound bow parts Arrow rest

Arrow rest is located on arrow shelf and its work is pretty self-explanatory, it supports and holds the arrow in position while you are aiming with your bow.
There are three basic types of arrow rest

Containment arrow restsDrop Away arrow restsShoot Thru arrow restsArrow shelf

A compound bows’ arrow shelf is a shelf located just above the grid it also supports the arrow when aiming and protects the hand on the grip from accidental injuries.
This is the place where arrow rest will be hook up.

Berger hole

  • Berger hole is the hole on the arrow shelf where the arrow rest will be attached.
  • It is a very important part of bow as it is the reference point for centering a bow.

Bow sling 

  • Bow sling’s work is to make sure that the archers will not drop the bow after the shot.
  • It should be attached on the tandem along with the stabilizer.
  • It essentially surrounds the shooters hand when it is on the grid.
  • It is crucial to install the bow sling loosely to prevent undesirable torque after the shot is fired.

Compound Bow Maintenance
Bow string

  • Bow string is the string you pull when you shoot a bow.
  • It is attached at the cams at a 2 cam bow.
  • To make your bow string more durable you can rub it with wax when you do your compound bow maintenance.


  • Broadhead or arrowhead is the steel part on the edge of an arrow.
  • There are two types of broadheads.
  • Fixed head are usually consisted of 4 blades that remain stagnant.
  • The mechanical ones stay stagnant through the flight but after they hit the target they will “open” in several ways.


In a two cam bow, cables are attached to the two cams and work along with them during the shooting process.

Cable guard

  • The cable guard is located on the riser sometimes on the lower half but at the majority of the times at the upper half.
  • The function of the cable guard is to keep the cables away from the line of fire after the arrow is shot.
  • Cable rod
  • Cable rod is a reinstatement of the cable guard.
  • It is incorporated at the newest bows.
  • It does the same work as the cable guard and also provides a smoother draw.

Cable slide

Cable slide is made of plastic and makes the same work as the cable guard and the cable rod.


  • Cam(s) are the round part of a bow that are attached to the limbs.
  • The cams function is to transfer the power from the limbs of a bow to the bowstring and to the arrow.
  • There are bows with either two cams or one cam.

At Those with one the cam is placed at the bottom limb of the bow and at the upper limb is attached an idler wheel.


D-loop is a piece of cord tied with two knots on the bowstring it encircles the arrow and is used in order to help the shooter to draw the string precisely behind the arrow.


Fletchings are the feathers or plastic substitutes attached at the back end of an arrow and they assist the arrow to achieve the desired balance whilst on air.
Big fletchings cut reduce the arrow’s speed (used for bird hunting) while smaller fletchings can boost the speed of the arrow.


Grip is located on the riser and is the part that the shooter holds when shoots.
It is removable so the shooter can replace it with the desired one for maximum comfort.


Limbs are highly flexible planks fixed to the riser, they additionally have the cam system and the idle wheel are attached to them.
As a result of their flexibility they store the kinetic energy when bent and after they are released they transfer that energy to make the shot possible.
The limbs could have different weights like 50lbs. – 60lbs. or 70lbs. – 80lbs. etc. the weight of the limbs should be decided from a variety of factors, they are detachable and can be easily replaced.


Nock is a piece made from plastic inserted to the back of an arrow to assist it to attach at the bow string.

Nocking point

Nocking point is the position where the arrow should be attached for the shot.
It should usually form a 90’ ankle between the bowstring and the arrow.

Peep Sight

Peep sight is a round, plastic device added in-between the strands on the bowstring to help the shooter align.
The peep sight help the shooter to make a more accurate and consistent shoot.


Quiver is the part of a compound bow that holds the arrows for the shooter it can be attached on the bow or not. Before you buy a quiver you should consider how many arrows you want to carry with you, the type of the field you will carry your bow to and the type of arrowheads that you will use.


The riser is the core of the bow. It is the central section of it usually manufactured from machined aluminum is additionally the part of the bow where the limbs are attached.
A longer a riser offers more stability at full draw.


Sight is the part of the bow that the shooter will aim through, it is attached to the riser just over the arrow shelf. They can contain:

Fiber optic-pinsCross hairsLaser dot


Silencing Aids

They can be installed on a compound bow as an add-on in order to absorb the vibration after a shot and make the bow much quieter.
They can be placed on different parts of a bow like the riser, limbs, bowstring, cables.

Stabilizers are doing essentially the same work as the silencing aids absorbing the vibration and making the bow quieter. They are screwed on the front side of the riser just under the grip.

Compound Bow Maintenance

Compound Bow Tuning
If you don’t know how to tune a compound bow you should immediately learn as it is vital to tune your bow once in a while to keep having the desired performance.
The most common way of tuning a compound bow is to paper tune it. Paper tuning is when the archer shoots through a paper and then examines the hole on the paper to understand how he needs to tune his bow.
How to do it.
Cut a piece from a cardboard box.
Take a sheet of paper and attach it at the front of the cardboard piece
Take a distance of 6 feet and shoot it.
After you have shot it, take the paper and examine the hole using the pictures below to find out what your bow need to have fixed.

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